Last year on twitter I saw that Alex Overwijk and Janice Bernstein with their grade 12 advanced functions classes did this lollipop activity!
How does licking change things? Using Tootsie Pops, measuring tapes and dental floss to investigate IROC and AROC. pic.twitter.com/j9KF6h8H5K
— Alex Overwijk (@AlexOverwijk) October 1, 2014
I knew that I wanted to give this a try for this semester! What I especially love about this activity other than students experiencing rates of change is that this is an activity that can span multi-grades!
Here is what we did,
I found this video on YouTube and asked the class to think of great questions we could ask about what we see!
- How does the sucking time affect the radius, circumference, volume, and surface area?
- How long will it take until the lollipop is all gone?
Let’s investigate those relationships starting with the easy to measure (circumference) and also estimate how long it will take until the lollipop is no more!
We had guesses : ranging from 10 minutes through to 35 minutes.
I handed out one lollipop per pair of students, along with some dental floss for measuring circumference. We set our timer for 30 seconds and began sucking and capturing data!
We recorded the circumference every 30 seconds up to 7 minutes like Al’s and Janice’s instruct in their lesson Plan.
They also have a great handout for tracking the circumference over the 30 second intervals.
Analyzing the Data
We discussed its linearity and why. Students predicted with more accuracy when their lollipop would run out.
Up to this point this task is great for grades 7, 8, 9, or 10!! (Just edit the file to exclude the average and instantaneous rates of change).
- Grade 7 & 8: Practice plotting points and reading/interpreting graphs.
- Grade 9 & 10: Find lines of best fit and first differences.
We found the average rate of change for each 30 second interval and discussed what this meant. We used the last column to talk about narrowing the interval down to estimate the instantaneous rate of change, and noticed that it’s about the same for all values. Why does this make sense???
We moved on to looking at Time vs. Volume and Time vs. Surface Area
Great talks around how Volume and Surface aren’t deceasing at a constant rate! It changes! Students can see these changes and see in their tables where the volume is changing the fastest.
Overall a great intro activity to get students thinking about narrowing intervals to approximate instantaneous rates of change.
Next up: We’ll relate what we did here with the tables to the graphical interpretation of rates of change (secant and tangent lines) and then on to the algebraic!